We wanted to know how to stay awake on long overnight drives. Who would know better than a truck driver?
First we should say that experts on sleep say you should not be driving from midnight to 6 a.m., when you are more likely to become drowsy. Drowsiness is a major cause of automobile accidents.
Brett Aquila, a trucker with 15 years on the road when he founded his website Trucking Truth in 2007, has some solid advice in an article he titled “12 Tips to Help Drivers Stay Awake Longer.”
Like the National Sleep Foundation, Aquila advises taking a short nap during your trip. Aquila and the NSF both also advise getting a good stretch of sleep before setting out—seven to eight hours.
After the heading advising long-distance drivers to Take A Walk or Get Some Exercise is Aquila’s section Take A Nap that says:
Ok so you don’t feel like taking a walk. Then how about a thirty minute nap? Yeah I dig that idea myself. It’s amazing what an incredible difference a short nap can make. One or two short naps each day can really help keep you awake and alert for a lot longer.
Aquila has some seemingly contradictory advice. Some subheads, arranged in a funny way on his blog, state:
Avoid Large Doses of Caffeine
Get a Cup of Coffee!
Avoid Large Portions of Food
Get Something To Eat!
Turn Off The Radios
Turn Your Radio Back On!
The message is: Mix it up.
He also advises keeping the temperature cool or even chilly. He writes:
We sleep best when we’re warm and comfortable. I’ve found it’s nice in the winter cranking up the cab temperature to about 80 just to get rid of the chill in my bones. But it also makes you sleepy. Turn down the temperature in the cab. Make it pretty cool, borderline chilly at times. That will keep you a little more alert.
Aquila says if you’re too tired to continue, get some sleep.
If you keep pushing on when you’re already tired you know you’re doing something incredibly dangerous. You need sleep. But I’ve also noticed that if I wait until I’m exhausted to get some sleep I don’t recover nearly as well as I do when I take more frequent naps or go to bed sooner. When you start feeling tired try to squeeze in a quick nap or go to bed early for the night. The more exhausted you are when you finally get some sleep the less alert you’re going to feel when you get up.
The National Sleep Foundation, which is directed and staffed by doctors and other health professionals, begins its article titled How To Stay Awake on the Road: Tips To Combat Drowsy Driving with advice on how to know when you’re too tired to continue and need to pull over. These tips are below here verbatim:
The foundation advises that the best way to prepare for an overnight drive is to get seven to eight hours of sleep before departure.
The National Sleep Foundation advises you take a nap before the drive if you missed some sleep. If you become drowsy but are not as far as you wanted to go before stopping for a long sleep, consider taking a short nap of about 20 minutes. Stop in a safe location. Be aware that you will probably be groggy for about 15 minutes after the nap, so wait a bit before setting off on the highway again.
The foundation also advises:
The National Sleep Foundation explains why driving drowsy is dangerous:
Well before a person actually falls asleep while driving, lapses in attention and slowed reaction times make drowsy driving very dangerous. Driving is a complex activity that involves many small but important split decisions with every passing second. Even if you’re awake, your brain is not functioning optimally to handle these decisions. Studies show that excessive sleepiness decreases our judgment and increases risk taking.
Turning up the radio and rolling gown the window don’t work to keep a drowsy person awake, the foundation states.
The American Automobile Association advises driving when you’re normally awake. If your normal waking hours are from 7 a.m. to 10 p.m., you should drive during those hours. Take a break every 100 miles or every two hours, and don’t work all day and then drive all night.
The one take away from all these websites and article is summed up in this advice from the AAA: “Stop driving if you become sleepy; someone who is tired could fall asleep at any time – fatigue impacts reaction time, judgment and vision, causing people who are very sleepy to behave in similar ways to those who are drunk.”
As we said in this Viter Energy blog  about the work-life balance, it's a good idea to simulate your commute to work. You don't have to drive in to work, so instead take a walk around the block just before your workday starts and just after it ends. Send yourself a psychological signal.
And if you can avoid it, do not work after your walk around the block. Don't check work email. Don't answer calls from co-workers unless you really need to talk to them (or they are friends you socialize with).
Clinical psychologist Kelcey Stratton of Michigan Health Blog  has some sound advice on finding the right time to work:
If you’re a morning person, try to schedule important work and meetings during the first half of the day. Others may peak with energy in the afternoon. Depending on the type of job you have, try to maximize on these levels as you can.
The first bit of advice is to get up from the computer, turn off your phone, and go get some exercise, do something recreational, prepare a meal, or something other than work, on the same schedule as you did when you worked at the brick-and-mortar office.
If you used to get off at 5 p.m., quit working at home at 5. You might need to check email or prepare a report later that night, but be sure to get away from all electronic communications and computing devices for a while.
Another big tip is to take your coffee breaks and lunch breaks on the same schedule, or at least be sure to take them at some point. Do not skip your favorite part of the day!