Truckers drive vehicles that weigh up to 80,000 pounds (36,287 kg) loaded. With such a big rig, it's vitally important that truckers remain alert while behind the wheel because a crash can be devastating for all involved.
One way to stay awake—a way that saves truckers' lives—is to take caffeine, but just in normal amounts.
Truckers see it all on the road: drivers in other vehicles nodding off, people high on drugs and alcohol, teens who just started driving, and older people who should not have their driver's license anymore.
And driving near truckers are people texting, putting on their makeup, and fiddling with the stereo or their cigarettes, to name a few distracted driving habits.
Obviously, the situation becomes a lot more treacherous if it's the trucker who gets drowsy because their vehicles are so large. It is vitally important that truckers find ways to stay alert the entire time they are on the road.
Drivers are three times more likely to crash if they are drowsy. Researchers say the risks of driving while drowsy are similar to driving while intoxicated. .
About 16.5 percent of crashes with fatalities involved fatigued drivers, according to the American Automobile Association Foundation for Traffic Safety  That comes to more than 6,000 fatalities per year.
So fatigue and drowsiness, also known as tiredness, are a real concern. And it is especially a concern for truckers because they drive for such long periods and operate such huge vehicles.
But truckers have a way to help save their lives and the lives of others: caffeine. A 2013 study found that truckers who consume caffeine are 63% less likely to crash . The American Association for the Advancement of Science writes:
Long distance commercial drivers who consume caffeinated substances such as coffee or energy drinks, to stay awake while driving, are significantly less likely to crash than those who do not, even though they drive longer distances and sleep less, finds a study published today on bmj.com.
Driving for extended periods in a sedentary position can increase drowsiness, but the British Medical Journal study found that caffeine can counteract the body's tendency to become fatigued.
But there was a caveat:
They do say, however, that the benefit is only useful for a short time and that having regular breaks, napping and appropriate work schedules are strongly recommended.
Another study says truckers who get too much caffeine crash even more than those who have just a normal amount. 
Dr. Ashleigh Filtness, a British researcher, led the study. She said :
This is a safety concern as sleepiness more than doubles the risk of being involved in a crash.
A common countermeasure is caffeine—used in various forms including drinks and pills—and as previous studies have shown it can have a positive impact on crash risk.
However, when it's consumed in high amounts over long periods it has the potential to impair sleep, and actually increase tiredness and safety risk.
Haulage companies and businesses looking to improve driver safety should take a holistic approach by finding ways to improve sleep and health together—simply recommend caffeine is not enough.
Make sure you get at least your usual amount of caffeine before you set out. If you drink two cups of coffee every morning, then drink that much before you begin your trip. Getting less caffeine than you are accustomed to can result in drowsiness if you have caffeine dependence .
If you don't want to stop every hour to use the bathroom, avoid coffee or sodas. Instead, consider trying Viter Energy Mints , which have 40 mg of caffeine per mint. The mints freshen your breath and also contain energy-sustaining B vitamins.
You need a combination of methods to avoid drowsiness and stay awake. Experts give three key lifestyle practices to stay awake and alert on the road:
These three areas, getting the right amount of sleep, a good diet, and adequate exercise, all improve overall health. When you are healthy, you may sleep better and experience less drowsiness.
The American Academy of Sleep Medicine advises that if a driver is fatigued or drowsy, the only way to overcome it is to stop and get some sleep. Even a 20-minute nap can refresh you for a while.
The American Academy of Sleep Medicine lists three myths, practices that do not lessen drowsiness that people sometimes try: chewing gum, playing loud music, opening the window, or putting on the air conditioning.
Symptoms of drowsiness while driving include:
Remember, if you get too tired to continue driving, stop driving. Take a nap. Or get a good night's sleep. Truckers should rely on caffeine, short walks, and healthy eating to avoid drowsiness in the first place.
As we said in this Viter Energy blog  about the work-life balance, it's a good idea to simulate your commute to work. You don't have to drive in to work, so instead take a walk around the block just before your workday starts and just after it ends. Send yourself a psychological signal.
And if you can avoid it, do not work after your walk around the block. Don't check work email. Don't answer calls from co-workers unless you really need to talk to them (or they are friends you socialize with).
Clinical psychologist Kelcey Stratton of Michigan Health Blog  has some sound advice on finding the right time to work:
If you’re a morning person, try to schedule important work and meetings during the first half of the day. Others may peak with energy in the afternoon. Depending on the type of job you have, try to maximize on these levels as you can.
The first bit of advice is to get up from the computer, turn off your phone, and go get some exercise, do something recreational, prepare a meal, or something other than work, on the same schedule as you did when you worked at the brick-and-mortar office.
If you used to get off at 5 p.m., quit working at home at 5. You might need to check email or prepare a report later that night, but be sure to get away from all electronic communications and computing devices for a while.
Another big tip is to take your coffee breaks and lunch breaks on the same schedule, or at least be sure to take them at some point. Do not skip your favorite part of the day!